This data set contains 4747 sequences of camera trap images, totaling 10072 images, from the Snapshot Kruger project, part of the Snapshot Safari network. Using the same camera trapping protocols at every site, Snapshot Safari members are collecting standardized data from many protected areas in Africa, which allows for cross-site comparisons to assess the efficacy of conservation and restoration programs. Kruger National Park, South Africa has been a refuge for wildlife since its establishment in 1898, and it houses one of the most diverse wildlife assemblages remaining in Africa. The Snapshot Safari grid was established in 2018 as part of a research project assessing the impacts of large mammals on plant life as boundary fences were removed and wildlife reoccupied areas of previous extirpation.
Labels are provided for 46 categories, primarily at the species level (for example, the most common labels are impala, elephant, and buffalo). Approximately 61.60% of images are labeled as empty. A full list of species and associated image counts is available here.
Citation, license, and contact information
For questions about this data set, contact Sarah Huebner at the University of Minnesota.
This data set is released under the Community Data License Agreement (permissive variant).
The original data set included a “human” class label; for privacy reasons, we have removed those images from this version of the data set. Those labels are still present in the metadata. If those images are important to your work, contact us; in some cases it will be possible to release those images under an alternative license.
Annotations are provided in COCO Camera Traps .json format, as well as .csv format. Note that annotations in the .json format are tied to images, but are only reliable at the sequence level. For example, there are rare sequences in which two of three images contain a lion, but the third is empty (lions, it turns out, walk away sometimes), but all three images would be annotated as “lion”.
Downloading the data
A link to a zipfile is provided below, but – whether you want the whole data set, a specific folder, or a subset of the data (e.g. images for one species) – we recommend checking out our guidelines for accessing images without using giant zipfiles.
Data download links:
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